2,6-Disubstituted imidazo[2,1-b][1,3,4]thiadiazole derivatives as potent staphylococcal biofilm inhibitors

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Abstract

A class of 36 new 2-(6-phenylimidazo[2,-1-b][1,3,4]thiadiazol-2-yl)-1H-indoles was efficiently synthesized and evaluated for their anti-biofilm properties against the Gram-positive bacterial reference strains Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, S. aureus ATCC 6538 and Staphylococcus epidermidis ATCC 12228, and the Gram-negative strains Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 15442 and Escherichia coli ATCC 25922. Many of these new compounds, were able to inhibit biofilm formation of the tested staphylococcal strains showing BIC50 lower than 10 μg/ml. In particular, derivatives 9c and 9h showed remarkable anti-biofilm activity against S. aureus ATCC 25923 with BIC50 values of 0.5 and 0.8 μg/ml, respectively, whereas compound 9aa was the most potent against S. aureus ATCC 6538, with a BIC50 of 0.3 μg/ml. Remarkably, these compounds showed effects in the early stages of the biofilm formation without affecting the mature biofilm of the same strains and the viability of the planktonic form. Their ability in counteracting a virulence factor (biofilm formation) without interfering with the bacterial growth in the free life form make them novel valuable anti-virulence agents.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)200-210-210
Numero di pagine11
RivistaEuropean Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Volume167
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2019

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@article{44017da98bb84d7ca126deb61520ba4b,
title = "2,6-Disubstituted imidazo[2,1-b][1,3,4]thiadiazole derivatives as potent staphylococcal biofilm inhibitors",
abstract = "A class of 36 new 2-(6-phenylimidazo[2,-1-b][1,3,4]thiadiazol-2-yl)-1H-indoles was efficiently synthesized and evaluated for their anti-biofilm properties against the Gram-positive bacterial reference strains Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, S. aureus ATCC 6538 and Staphylococcus epidermidis ATCC 12228, and the Gram-negative strains Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 15442 and Escherichia coli ATCC 25922. Many of these new compounds, were able to inhibit biofilm formation of the tested staphylococcal strains showing BIC50 lower than 10 μg/ml. In particular, derivatives 9c and 9h showed remarkable anti-biofilm activity against S. aureus ATCC 25923 with BIC50 values of 0.5 and 0.8 μg/ml, respectively, whereas compound 9aa was the most potent against S. aureus ATCC 6538, with a BIC50 of 0.3 μg/ml. Remarkably, these compounds showed effects in the early stages of the biofilm formation without affecting the mature biofilm of the same strains and the viability of the planktonic form. Their ability in counteracting a virulence factor (biofilm formation) without interfering with the bacterial growth in the free life form make them novel valuable anti-virulence agents.",
author = "Domenico Schillaci and Girolamo Cirrincione and Cascioferro, {Stella Maria} and Cusimano, {Maria Grazia} and Barbara Parrino and {Li Petri}, Giovanna",
year = "2019",
language = "English",
volume = "167",
pages = "200--210--210",
journal = "European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry",
issn = "0223-5234",
publisher = "Elsevier Masson SAS",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - 2,6-Disubstituted imidazo[2,1-b][1,3,4]thiadiazole derivatives as potent staphylococcal biofilm inhibitors

AU - Schillaci, Domenico

AU - Cirrincione, Girolamo

AU - Cascioferro, Stella Maria

AU - Cusimano, Maria Grazia

AU - Parrino, Barbara

AU - Li Petri, Giovanna

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - A class of 36 new 2-(6-phenylimidazo[2,-1-b][1,3,4]thiadiazol-2-yl)-1H-indoles was efficiently synthesized and evaluated for their anti-biofilm properties against the Gram-positive bacterial reference strains Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, S. aureus ATCC 6538 and Staphylococcus epidermidis ATCC 12228, and the Gram-negative strains Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 15442 and Escherichia coli ATCC 25922. Many of these new compounds, were able to inhibit biofilm formation of the tested staphylococcal strains showing BIC50 lower than 10 μg/ml. In particular, derivatives 9c and 9h showed remarkable anti-biofilm activity against S. aureus ATCC 25923 with BIC50 values of 0.5 and 0.8 μg/ml, respectively, whereas compound 9aa was the most potent against S. aureus ATCC 6538, with a BIC50 of 0.3 μg/ml. Remarkably, these compounds showed effects in the early stages of the biofilm formation without affecting the mature biofilm of the same strains and the viability of the planktonic form. Their ability in counteracting a virulence factor (biofilm formation) without interfering with the bacterial growth in the free life form make them novel valuable anti-virulence agents.

AB - A class of 36 new 2-(6-phenylimidazo[2,-1-b][1,3,4]thiadiazol-2-yl)-1H-indoles was efficiently synthesized and evaluated for their anti-biofilm properties against the Gram-positive bacterial reference strains Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, S. aureus ATCC 6538 and Staphylococcus epidermidis ATCC 12228, and the Gram-negative strains Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 15442 and Escherichia coli ATCC 25922. Many of these new compounds, were able to inhibit biofilm formation of the tested staphylococcal strains showing BIC50 lower than 10 μg/ml. In particular, derivatives 9c and 9h showed remarkable anti-biofilm activity against S. aureus ATCC 25923 with BIC50 values of 0.5 and 0.8 μg/ml, respectively, whereas compound 9aa was the most potent against S. aureus ATCC 6538, with a BIC50 of 0.3 μg/ml. Remarkably, these compounds showed effects in the early stages of the biofilm formation without affecting the mature biofilm of the same strains and the viability of the planktonic form. Their ability in counteracting a virulence factor (biofilm formation) without interfering with the bacterial growth in the free life form make them novel valuable anti-virulence agents.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/349754

M3 - Article

VL - 167

SP - 200-210-210

JO - European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry

JF - European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry

SN - 0223-5234

ER -