1200 years of decadal-scale variability of Mediterranean vegetation and climate at Pantelleria Island, Italy.

Tommaso La Mantia, Adrian Gilli, Paul D. Henne, Willy Tinner, Jacqueline Van Leeuwen, Yvonne Hamann, Elisa Vescovi, Salvatore Pasta, Camilla Calò, Patricia Eugster

Risultato della ricerca: Article

15 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

A new sedimentary sequence from Lago di Venere on Pantelleria Island, located in the Strait of Sicily between Tunisia and Sicily was recovered. The lake is located in the coastal infra-Mediterranean vegetation belt at 2 m a.s.l. Pollen, charcoal and sedimentological analyses are used to explore linkages among vegetation, fire and climate at a decadal scale over the past 1200 years. A dry period from ad 800 to 1000 that corresponds to the ‘Medieval Warm Period’ (WMP) is inferred from sedimentological analysis. The high content of carbonate recorded in this period suggests a dry phase, when the ratio of evaporation/precipitation was high. During this period the island was dominated by thermophilous and drought-tolerant taxa, such as Quercus ilex, Olea, Pistacia and Juniperus. A marked shift in the sediment properties is recorded at ad 1000, when carbonate content became very low suggesting wetter conditions until ad 1850–1900. Broadly, this period coincides with the ‘Little Ice Age’ (LIA), which was characterized by wetter and colder conditions in Europe. During this time rather mesic conifers (i.e. Pinus pinaster), shrubs and herbs (e.g. Erica arborea and Selaginella denticulata) expanded, whereas more drought-adapted species (e.g. Q. ilex) declined. Charcoal data suggest enhanced fire activity during the LIA probably as a consequence of anthropogenic burning and/or more flammable fuel (e.g. resinous Pinus biomass). The last century was characterized by a shift to high carbonate content, indicating a change towards drier conditions, and re-expansion of Q. ilex and Olea. The post-LIA warming is in agreement with historical documents and meteorological time series. Vegetation dynamics were co-determined by agricultural activities on the island. Anthropogenic indicators (e.g. Cerealiatype, Sporormiella) reveal the importance of crops and grazing on the island. Our pollen data suggest that extensive logging caused the local extinction of deciduous Quercus pubescens around ad1750.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1477-1486
Numero di pagine10
RivistaTHE HOLOCENE
Volume23
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2013

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Little Ice Age
vegetation
climate
charcoal
carbonate
pollen
drought
sediment property
local extinction
vegetation dynamics
sedimentary sequence
herb
coniferous tree
strait
shrub
warming
evaporation
grazing
time series
crop

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Palaeontology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Ecology
  • Archaeology

Cita questo

La Mantia, T., Gilli, A., Henne, P. D., Tinner, W., Van Leeuwen, J., Hamann, Y., ... Eugster, P. (2013). 1200 years of decadal-scale variability of Mediterranean vegetation and climate at Pantelleria Island, Italy. THE HOLOCENE, 23, 1477-1486.

1200 years of decadal-scale variability of Mediterranean vegetation and climate at Pantelleria Island, Italy. / La Mantia, Tommaso; Gilli, Adrian; Henne, Paul D.; Tinner, Willy; Van Leeuwen, Jacqueline; Hamann, Yvonne; Vescovi, Elisa; Pasta, Salvatore; Calò, Camilla; Eugster, Patricia.

In: THE HOLOCENE, Vol. 23, 2013, pag. 1477-1486.

Risultato della ricerca: Article

La Mantia, T, Gilli, A, Henne, PD, Tinner, W, Van Leeuwen, J, Hamann, Y, Vescovi, E, Pasta, S, Calò, C & Eugster, P 2013, '1200 years of decadal-scale variability of Mediterranean vegetation and climate at Pantelleria Island, Italy.', THE HOLOCENE, vol. 23, pagg. 1477-1486.
La Mantia, Tommaso ; Gilli, Adrian ; Henne, Paul D. ; Tinner, Willy ; Van Leeuwen, Jacqueline ; Hamann, Yvonne ; Vescovi, Elisa ; Pasta, Salvatore ; Calò, Camilla ; Eugster, Patricia. / 1200 years of decadal-scale variability of Mediterranean vegetation and climate at Pantelleria Island, Italy. In: THE HOLOCENE. 2013 ; Vol. 23. pagg. 1477-1486.
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title = "1200 years of decadal-scale variability of Mediterranean vegetation and climate at Pantelleria Island, Italy.",
abstract = "A new sedimentary sequence from Lago di Venere on Pantelleria Island, located in the Strait of Sicily between Tunisia and Sicily was recovered. The lake is located in the coastal infra-Mediterranean vegetation belt at 2 m a.s.l. Pollen, charcoal and sedimentological analyses are used to explore linkages among vegetation, fire and climate at a decadal scale over the past 1200 years. A dry period from ad 800 to 1000 that corresponds to the ‘Medieval Warm Period’ (WMP) is inferred from sedimentological analysis. The high content of carbonate recorded in this period suggests a dry phase, when the ratio of evaporation/precipitation was high. During this period the island was dominated by thermophilous and drought-tolerant taxa, such as Quercus ilex, Olea, Pistacia and Juniperus. A marked shift in the sediment properties is recorded at ad 1000, when carbonate content became very low suggesting wetter conditions until ad 1850–1900. Broadly, this period coincides with the ‘Little Ice Age’ (LIA), which was characterized by wetter and colder conditions in Europe. During this time rather mesic conifers (i.e. Pinus pinaster), shrubs and herbs (e.g. Erica arborea and Selaginella denticulata) expanded, whereas more drought-adapted species (e.g. Q. ilex) declined. Charcoal data suggest enhanced fire activity during the LIA probably as a consequence of anthropogenic burning and/or more flammable fuel (e.g. resinous Pinus biomass). The last century was characterized by a shift to high carbonate content, indicating a change towards drier conditions, and re-expansion of Q. ilex and Olea. The post-LIA warming is in agreement with historical documents and meteorological time series. Vegetation dynamics were co-determined by agricultural activities on the island. Anthropogenic indicators (e.g. Cerealiatype, Sporormiella) reveal the importance of crops and grazing on the island. Our pollen data suggest that extensive logging caused the local extinction of deciduous Quercus pubescens around ad1750.",
author = "{La Mantia}, Tommaso and Adrian Gilli and Henne, {Paul D.} and Willy Tinner and {Van Leeuwen}, Jacqueline and Yvonne Hamann and Elisa Vescovi and Salvatore Pasta and Camilla Cal{\`o} and Patricia Eugster",
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T1 - 1200 years of decadal-scale variability of Mediterranean vegetation and climate at Pantelleria Island, Italy.

AU - La Mantia, Tommaso

AU - Gilli, Adrian

AU - Henne, Paul D.

AU - Tinner, Willy

AU - Van Leeuwen, Jacqueline

AU - Hamann, Yvonne

AU - Vescovi, Elisa

AU - Pasta, Salvatore

AU - Calò, Camilla

AU - Eugster, Patricia

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - A new sedimentary sequence from Lago di Venere on Pantelleria Island, located in the Strait of Sicily between Tunisia and Sicily was recovered. The lake is located in the coastal infra-Mediterranean vegetation belt at 2 m a.s.l. Pollen, charcoal and sedimentological analyses are used to explore linkages among vegetation, fire and climate at a decadal scale over the past 1200 years. A dry period from ad 800 to 1000 that corresponds to the ‘Medieval Warm Period’ (WMP) is inferred from sedimentological analysis. The high content of carbonate recorded in this period suggests a dry phase, when the ratio of evaporation/precipitation was high. During this period the island was dominated by thermophilous and drought-tolerant taxa, such as Quercus ilex, Olea, Pistacia and Juniperus. A marked shift in the sediment properties is recorded at ad 1000, when carbonate content became very low suggesting wetter conditions until ad 1850–1900. Broadly, this period coincides with the ‘Little Ice Age’ (LIA), which was characterized by wetter and colder conditions in Europe. During this time rather mesic conifers (i.e. Pinus pinaster), shrubs and herbs (e.g. Erica arborea and Selaginella denticulata) expanded, whereas more drought-adapted species (e.g. Q. ilex) declined. Charcoal data suggest enhanced fire activity during the LIA probably as a consequence of anthropogenic burning and/or more flammable fuel (e.g. resinous Pinus biomass). The last century was characterized by a shift to high carbonate content, indicating a change towards drier conditions, and re-expansion of Q. ilex and Olea. The post-LIA warming is in agreement with historical documents and meteorological time series. Vegetation dynamics were co-determined by agricultural activities on the island. Anthropogenic indicators (e.g. Cerealiatype, Sporormiella) reveal the importance of crops and grazing on the island. Our pollen data suggest that extensive logging caused the local extinction of deciduous Quercus pubescens around ad1750.

AB - A new sedimentary sequence from Lago di Venere on Pantelleria Island, located in the Strait of Sicily between Tunisia and Sicily was recovered. The lake is located in the coastal infra-Mediterranean vegetation belt at 2 m a.s.l. Pollen, charcoal and sedimentological analyses are used to explore linkages among vegetation, fire and climate at a decadal scale over the past 1200 years. A dry period from ad 800 to 1000 that corresponds to the ‘Medieval Warm Period’ (WMP) is inferred from sedimentological analysis. The high content of carbonate recorded in this period suggests a dry phase, when the ratio of evaporation/precipitation was high. During this period the island was dominated by thermophilous and drought-tolerant taxa, such as Quercus ilex, Olea, Pistacia and Juniperus. A marked shift in the sediment properties is recorded at ad 1000, when carbonate content became very low suggesting wetter conditions until ad 1850–1900. Broadly, this period coincides with the ‘Little Ice Age’ (LIA), which was characterized by wetter and colder conditions in Europe. During this time rather mesic conifers (i.e. Pinus pinaster), shrubs and herbs (e.g. Erica arborea and Selaginella denticulata) expanded, whereas more drought-adapted species (e.g. Q. ilex) declined. Charcoal data suggest enhanced fire activity during the LIA probably as a consequence of anthropogenic burning and/or more flammable fuel (e.g. resinous Pinus biomass). The last century was characterized by a shift to high carbonate content, indicating a change towards drier conditions, and re-expansion of Q. ilex and Olea. The post-LIA warming is in agreement with historical documents and meteorological time series. Vegetation dynamics were co-determined by agricultural activities on the island. Anthropogenic indicators (e.g. Cerealiatype, Sporormiella) reveal the importance of crops and grazing on the island. Our pollen data suggest that extensive logging caused the local extinction of deciduous Quercus pubescens around ad1750.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/98729

M3 - Article

VL - 23

SP - 1477

EP - 1486

JO - Holocene

JF - Holocene

SN - 0959-6836

ER -