Sustainable Resource Management Programme to solve Desert-ed Challenges (SureMap)

Progetto: Research project

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Description

The aim of this project is to establish an Engineering M.Sc. that qualifies engineers for a modern & holistic Sustainable Resource Management approach to addressing food challenges in the context of water and energy scarcity. It will include the ability to plan and optimize the implementation of major projects, such as the “1.5 million feddan desert reclamation” target set out by the Egyptian Government, as well as related challenges in the “Egypt 2030” and similar regional strategies. The curricula will have a modular design and shall clearly identify interdependencies to allow easy adaptation to the specific requirements of different Egyptian universities. The design will allow too, individual courses to be integrated into existing graduate programmes or combine a subset into a diploma. Furthermore, the design allows the students to focus their studies on areas of interest by means of electives. The envisaged content is oriented towards the need to combine know-how in key areas of engineering and related field, pivotal for sustainable resources management, especially with regards to water, energy, and food security. SRM-Engineering is thus envisaged to connect the expertise from mechanical, electrical and environmental engineering, necessary comprehend renewable and hybrid energy technology, hydrogeology and irrigation with agronomy, soil engineering, and physical/spatial planning. To avoid sustainability traps, like high environmental pollution rates from agricultural wastes including brackish effluent water, sufficient understanding of related technologies and agricultural procedures as well as the ability to engage in lifelong learning will also be pivotal to ensure that the expertise gained can be kept current and relevant. Given the necessary insights into hydrology, fluid dynamics and groundwater management for the graduate engineers to be capable of optimizing sustainable water utilization that avoids aquifer depletion and salinization, these subjects will also be covered at relevant depth. The engineers graduating from the program are thus well suited to plan, reliably install and dependably maintain up-to-date technology, necessary for desert land reclamation as well as urban agriculture, aquaponics and other innovative commercial approaches in the water-food-energy (WEF) nexus. In areas where advanced specializations in a particular field is required, the graduates are able to bring together different expert opinions and ascertain smooth communication between them, preventing misunderstandings due to different assumptions and concepts. Thus they will be well suited to either set up or support start-ups companies as well as large scale investors, engaged in advanced food production and processing. During the initial stages of the project, it will be determined to what extent focus areas of choice could be offered by means of electives. These could cover general areas like large-scale aquaculture or livestock husbandry, be quite specific. Given the enormous need, a quite specific one could be IT-controlled, semi-automatic, solar driven systems (like water pumps, green houses, etc.) that can both operate when connected to the general grid, as well as while being self-contained. The aim of this specialization would thus be to convey a level of expertise necessary to install and intelligent pumping systems 3.0 that can cope with fluctuating ground water and salinity levels as well as changing intensity of solar irradiation and thus can be connected to advanced irrigation systems. The latter minimize water and energy wastage and are suitable for the agriculturally desired purpose and given the above mentioned challenges, are deemed to be obligatory by 2030. The project aims to determine the exact scope of courses that need to be taught, as well as the breadth and depth of each subject. It is suggested to be interdisciplinary, since the engineers need s
StatoAttivo
Data di inizio/fine effettiva1/15/201/14/23

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