Supporting Environmental governance for the POSidonia oceanica Sustainable transplanting Operations

Progetto: Research project

Dettagli progetto

Description

The goal of the LIFE SEPOSSO project is to perform activities in support of effective control processes of restoration of Posidonia oceanica meadows destroyed by infrastructural marine works in compliance with the European Directive on Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA-2015/52/EC) and the Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP-2014/89/EU), in particular by the use of information systems and information tools.The main objective is to create an electronic information system to measure and evaluate theefficiency and effectiveness of inspection and surveillance works related to EIA prescriptions whichinclude transplanting of P. oceanica as a compensation measure for meadows restoration.In addition, in the framework of both promoting knowledge and awareness and generating public and stakeholders' support of Union policy-making on Posidonia protection and management, the project optimises the communication and active dissemination of the results of inspection and surveillance works mainly by training courses, technical-scientific manuals publication and popular science documents.In general, for a sustainable use of marine resources based on the ecosystem approach, theimplementation of MSP need a strong interaction with the Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) Directive (2001/42/CE) and EIA Directive. So, the acquisition and organization of data at each level need to be planned and performed.Specifically, it’s known that P. oceanica meadows (priority habitat sensu Habitat Directive,1992/43/CEE) have been undergoing a regression phenomena due to climate changes andoverexploitation of coastal zones.Because each type of human pressure produces relevant effects on Posidonia, these must be deeplyassessed and planned to avoid any negative effect (e.g. habitat loss).In Italy as compensation measure of the impact generated by these pressures, specific EIA procedures’ conditions identifies transplanting as a technique for restoration of destroyed meadows.Since transplanting should not encourage an indiscriminate overexploitation of the coasts, for theseactivities should be provided a specific planning and effective monitoring tools. In fact, the efficiency of a transplanting depends on multiple factors related to the feasibility and modalities of transplanting and its control. At the same time, it is essential to promote knowledge and awareness on this issue to better manage the different phases of the process, also considering the different types of stakeholders.

Key findings

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StatoAttivo
Data di inizio/fine effettiva10/1/179/30/20