The project is the natural continuation of the cooperation with a wide net of partners in Europe on the topic "Access to Justice". This cooperation was set up in the context of activities of the PhD Programme in Human Rights (Unipa) and it is improving in the context of efforts for applying in the Call Cooperation (VII FP European Commission). At the moment we had applied twice, being Palermo the leader of the projet, with good results by the point of view of evaluation, but without achieving the task (see documents attached to this project in Allegati). The current request is aimed to reinforce the local part of the wider research, including new researchers in the team and getting deeper in the basis for the cooperation with European partners. ACCESS’ strong theoretical proposal is to consider Access to Justice as a key element for building a virtuous EU citizenship. ACCESS’ first objective aims at strengthening citizens’ Legal Awareness of rights and access to justice instruments in the EU. ACCESS research will start from the consideration of the complexity of the EU legal and institutional framework, the dynamics of the decision-making in a context of plural legal orders – at times overlapping – and the plurality of values, which altogether affect what Access to Justice means in the EU. The well-known issue of the harmonisation of the law, which aims at making law, and justice, more accessible to every individual, will be endorsed from a legal, sociological and historical perspective, for assessing the foundations and challenges of the current practice of Access to Justice in Europe. Among the fundamental elements of access to justice (2004 UNDP Practice Note on Access to Justice), Legal Awareness appears to be one of the most relevant in the European context. The level of Legal Protection has to be understood as the level of legal provisions, not effectiveness: understood as such, as far as legal protection is concerned, it cannot be considered the main issue at stake in the EU. Legal Aid and Counsel, Adjudication and Enforcement, other fundamental elements, cannot be considered among the most central issues from this EU perspective. It is true that activities in the field of Legal Ethics are to be enforced. The reasons for this are several: to support a certain quality of legal Aid and Counsel, to address the fact that in many countries, procedures and administrative inefficiencies make the quality of Adjudication poorer than expected, and that in some areas of the EU social structures, make it difficult to reach an optimal level of enforcement (not to mention the area of the prison system, highly underestimated by national policies). Following the UNDP Practice Note, ACCESS acknowledges that improving Legal Awareness requires the “development of capacities and effective dissemination of information that would help disadvantaged people understand: (a) their right to seek redress through the justice system; (b) the various officials and institutions entrusted to protect their access to justice; and (c) the steps involved in starting legal procedures”.
|Data di inizio/fine effettiva||1/1/12 → …|
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