‘You play like a Woman!’ Effects of gender stereotype threat on Women's performance in physical and sport activities: A meta-analysis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

ObjectivesThe purpose of this quantitative review was to provide an estimation of the effect of stereotype threat on women's performance in sport.DesignThis review employed a meta-analytic technique.Methoda meta-analysis with random effects model was performed on 24 effects. Publication bias was tested through funnel plots and Egger's regression test.ResultsFindings show a symmetric distribution of effects, making it possible to conclude that no file-drawer problem affected the collected sample of effects. Aggregating the results of the reviewed studies, a medium effect of stereotype threat manipulation on women's sport performances emerged (d = 0.33). Collected studies were coded for stereotypicality of threatened exercise. The effect of stereotype threat was significantly higher for sports activities perceived as masculine.ConclusionsThis meta-analysis reveals that gender stereotype affects the sport activities of women and that this is particularly true for sports typically considered suited to males.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-103
Number of pages9
JournalPsychology of Sport and Exercise
Volume39
Publication statusPublished - 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Applied Psychology

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