Xanthine Oxidase Catalyzes the Oxidation of Retinol

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    13 Citations (Scopus)


    In mammals, xanthine oxidase (E.C. catalyzes the hydroxylation of a wide variety of heterocyclic substrates such aspurines, pyrimidines, and pterins, in addition to aldehydes [1] as all-trans-retinaldehyde [2–5]. Here, we show that buttermilkxanthine oxidase was capable to oxidizing all-trans-retinol (t-ROL) to all-trans-retinaldehyde (t-RAL) that was successivelyoxidized to all-trans-retinoic acid (t-RA). A rise in the enzyme activity, when t-ROL-CRBP complex was assayed, with respectto the free t-ROL, was observed. Furthermore, treatment of the enzyme with Na2S and glutathione resulted in a significantincrement in catalytic activity toward t-ROL and t-RAL, due to the reconstitution of the native structural organization of themolybdenum centre of molybdopterin cofactor of the desulfo form of xanthine oxidase.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)471-476
    JournalJournal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry
    Volume22 (4)
    Publication statusPublished - 2007

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Organic Chemistry
    • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology
    • Biochemistry
    • Pharmacology
    • Drug Discovery


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