Whipple's pancreaticoduodenectomy: Surgical technique and perioperative clinical outcomes in a single center

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Abstract

Introduction: Pancreatic cancer is the fourth cause of death from cancer in Western countries. The radical surgical resection is the only curative option for this pathology. The prevalence of this disease increases with age in population. The causes of pancreatic cancer are unknown, but we consider risk factors like smoke and tobacco usage, alcohol consumption coffee, history of diabetes or chronic pancreatitis. In this study we report our experience in the treatment of resectable pancreatic cancer and periampullary neoplasms with particular attention to evaluate the evolution of surgical technique and the clinical postoperative outcomes. Methods: In our Department between January 2010 and December 2014 we performed a total of 97 pancreaticoduodenectomy. We considered only resectable pancreatic cancer and periampullary neoplasms defined by absence of distant metastases, absence of local tumor extension to the celiac axis and hepatic artery as the lack of involvement of the superior mesenteric vasculature. None of these patients received neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Results: The mean age of these patients was 64.5 years. Jaundice was the commonest presenting symptom associated to anorexia and weight loss. The mean operative time was 295min (±55min). The mean blood loss was 450ml and median blood transfusion was 1 units. 12.1% of patients had an intra-abdominal complication. The commonest complication was Delayed Gastric Emptying responsable of increased length of hospital stay and readmission rate. Postoperative pancreatic fistula of grade C occurred in 4 patients. 2 patients developed a postpancreatectomy hemorrhage. Perioperative mortality was 4.1%. Conclusion: Pancreaticoduodenectomy is a complex surgical technique and the associated high morbidity and mortality resulted in initial reluctance to adopt this surgery for the management of pancreatic and periampullary tumors. Surgical outcomes of pancreatic surgery are better at high-volume experienced center reporting mortality rates below 5%. We perform an end-to-side duct-to-mucosa pancreaticojejunostomy with routinely use of internal pancreatic stent. However no one technique has been shown to definitely be the solution to the problem of postoperative pancreatic fistula. At our center we have a reasonable volume and our data are comparable to literature data.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S68-S71
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Surgery
Volume21
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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Pancreaticoduodenectomy
Pancreatic Neoplasms
Pancreatic Fistula
Neoplasms
Mortality
Length of Stay
Pancreaticojejunostomy
Celiac Artery
Patient Readmission
Gastric Emptying
Hepatic Artery
Coffee
Chronic Pancreatitis
Anorexia
Operative Time
Jaundice
Smoke
Blood Transfusion
Alcohol Drinking
Tobacco

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

Cite this

@article{64fb8b7e727841c492ea25cf5baf004a,
title = "Whipple's pancreaticoduodenectomy: Surgical technique and perioperative clinical outcomes in a single center",
abstract = "Introduction: Pancreatic cancer is the fourth cause of death from cancer in Western countries. The radical surgical resection is the only curative option for this pathology. The prevalence of this disease increases with age in population. The causes of pancreatic cancer are unknown, but we consider risk factors like smoke and tobacco usage, alcohol consumption coffee, history of diabetes or chronic pancreatitis. In this study we report our experience in the treatment of resectable pancreatic cancer and periampullary neoplasms with particular attention to evaluate the evolution of surgical technique and the clinical postoperative outcomes. Methods: In our Department between January 2010 and December 2014 we performed a total of 97 pancreaticoduodenectomy. We considered only resectable pancreatic cancer and periampullary neoplasms defined by absence of distant metastases, absence of local tumor extension to the celiac axis and hepatic artery as the lack of involvement of the superior mesenteric vasculature. None of these patients received neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Results: The mean age of these patients was 64.5 years. Jaundice was the commonest presenting symptom associated to anorexia and weight loss. The mean operative time was 295min (±55min). The mean blood loss was 450ml and median blood transfusion was 1 units. 12.1{\%} of patients had an intra-abdominal complication. The commonest complication was Delayed Gastric Emptying responsable of increased length of hospital stay and readmission rate. Postoperative pancreatic fistula of grade C occurred in 4 patients. 2 patients developed a postpancreatectomy hemorrhage. Perioperative mortality was 4.1{\%}. Conclusion: Pancreaticoduodenectomy is a complex surgical technique and the associated high morbidity and mortality resulted in initial reluctance to adopt this surgery for the management of pancreatic and periampullary tumors. Surgical outcomes of pancreatic surgery are better at high-volume experienced center reporting mortality rates below 5{\%}. We perform an end-to-side duct-to-mucosa pancreaticojejunostomy with routinely use of internal pancreatic stent. However no one technique has been shown to definitely be the solution to the problem of postoperative pancreatic fistula. At our center we have a reasonable volume and our data are comparable to literature data.",
author = "Gaspare Gulotta and {Di Buono}, Giuseppe and Giorgio Romano and Antonino Agrusa and Giuseppe Brancatelli and Massimo Galia and Daniela Chianetta and Vincenzo Sorce",
year = "2015",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "S68--S71",
journal = "International Journal of Surgery",
issn = "1743-9191",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Whipple's pancreaticoduodenectomy: Surgical technique and perioperative clinical outcomes in a single center

AU - Gulotta, Gaspare

AU - Di Buono, Giuseppe

AU - Romano, Giorgio

AU - Agrusa, Antonino

AU - Brancatelli, Giuseppe

AU - Galia, Massimo

AU - Chianetta, Daniela

AU - Sorce, Vincenzo

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Introduction: Pancreatic cancer is the fourth cause of death from cancer in Western countries. The radical surgical resection is the only curative option for this pathology. The prevalence of this disease increases with age in population. The causes of pancreatic cancer are unknown, but we consider risk factors like smoke and tobacco usage, alcohol consumption coffee, history of diabetes or chronic pancreatitis. In this study we report our experience in the treatment of resectable pancreatic cancer and periampullary neoplasms with particular attention to evaluate the evolution of surgical technique and the clinical postoperative outcomes. Methods: In our Department between January 2010 and December 2014 we performed a total of 97 pancreaticoduodenectomy. We considered only resectable pancreatic cancer and periampullary neoplasms defined by absence of distant metastases, absence of local tumor extension to the celiac axis and hepatic artery as the lack of involvement of the superior mesenteric vasculature. None of these patients received neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Results: The mean age of these patients was 64.5 years. Jaundice was the commonest presenting symptom associated to anorexia and weight loss. The mean operative time was 295min (±55min). The mean blood loss was 450ml and median blood transfusion was 1 units. 12.1% of patients had an intra-abdominal complication. The commonest complication was Delayed Gastric Emptying responsable of increased length of hospital stay and readmission rate. Postoperative pancreatic fistula of grade C occurred in 4 patients. 2 patients developed a postpancreatectomy hemorrhage. Perioperative mortality was 4.1%. Conclusion: Pancreaticoduodenectomy is a complex surgical technique and the associated high morbidity and mortality resulted in initial reluctance to adopt this surgery for the management of pancreatic and periampullary tumors. Surgical outcomes of pancreatic surgery are better at high-volume experienced center reporting mortality rates below 5%. We perform an end-to-side duct-to-mucosa pancreaticojejunostomy with routinely use of internal pancreatic stent. However no one technique has been shown to definitely be the solution to the problem of postoperative pancreatic fistula. At our center we have a reasonable volume and our data are comparable to literature data.

AB - Introduction: Pancreatic cancer is the fourth cause of death from cancer in Western countries. The radical surgical resection is the only curative option for this pathology. The prevalence of this disease increases with age in population. The causes of pancreatic cancer are unknown, but we consider risk factors like smoke and tobacco usage, alcohol consumption coffee, history of diabetes or chronic pancreatitis. In this study we report our experience in the treatment of resectable pancreatic cancer and periampullary neoplasms with particular attention to evaluate the evolution of surgical technique and the clinical postoperative outcomes. Methods: In our Department between January 2010 and December 2014 we performed a total of 97 pancreaticoduodenectomy. We considered only resectable pancreatic cancer and periampullary neoplasms defined by absence of distant metastases, absence of local tumor extension to the celiac axis and hepatic artery as the lack of involvement of the superior mesenteric vasculature. None of these patients received neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Results: The mean age of these patients was 64.5 years. Jaundice was the commonest presenting symptom associated to anorexia and weight loss. The mean operative time was 295min (±55min). The mean blood loss was 450ml and median blood transfusion was 1 units. 12.1% of patients had an intra-abdominal complication. The commonest complication was Delayed Gastric Emptying responsable of increased length of hospital stay and readmission rate. Postoperative pancreatic fistula of grade C occurred in 4 patients. 2 patients developed a postpancreatectomy hemorrhage. Perioperative mortality was 4.1%. Conclusion: Pancreaticoduodenectomy is a complex surgical technique and the associated high morbidity and mortality resulted in initial reluctance to adopt this surgery for the management of pancreatic and periampullary tumors. Surgical outcomes of pancreatic surgery are better at high-volume experienced center reporting mortality rates below 5%. We perform an end-to-side duct-to-mucosa pancreaticojejunostomy with routinely use of internal pancreatic stent. However no one technique has been shown to definitely be the solution to the problem of postoperative pancreatic fistula. At our center we have a reasonable volume and our data are comparable to literature data.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/147524

UR - http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/705107/description#description

M3 - Article

VL - 21

SP - S68-S71

JO - International Journal of Surgery

JF - International Journal of Surgery

SN - 1743-9191

ER -