Volatile components from aerial parts of Centaurea gracilenta and C. ovina ssp. besserana growing wild in Bulgaria

Maurizio Bruno, Sergio Rosselli, Antonella Maria Maggio, Svetlana Bancheva, Daniela Rigano, Felice Senatore, Carmen Formisano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The essential oils of Centaurea gracilenta Velen. (CG) and C. ovina Pall. ex Willd. ssp. besserana (DC.) Dostál (COB) growing wild in Bulgaria, were studied by GC and GC-MS. Forty-five compounds for CG, representing the 90.1% of the oil, and 68 compounds for COB, representing the 91.9% of the oil, were identified. The oils were rich in sesquiterpenoids (33.4% for CG and 27.3% for COB), hydrocarbons (28.3% for CG and 10.7% for COB) and carbonylic compounds (12.7% for CG and 13.1% for COB). Fatty acids were abundant only for COB (31.3%). β-Eudesmol (12.8%), nonacosane (11.8%) and p-vinyl guiacol (7.5%) were recognized as the main constituents for CG, while hexadecanoic acid (21.4%), spathulenol (7.9%), β-eudesmol (5.8%) and caryophyllene oxide (5.7%) were the main compounds for COB
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1339-1342
Number of pages4
JournalNatural Product Communications
Volume6
Publication statusPublished - 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology
  • Plant Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Complementary and alternative medicine

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