Visuospatial skills in children affected by primary nocturnal enuresis: Rehabilitative proposals

Davide Testa, Gabriele Tripi, Gabriele Tripi, Gabriella Marsala, Serena Marianna Lavano, Angelo Montana, Francesco Lavano, Anna Nunzia Polito, Sabrina Franco, Rosaria Martina Magliulo, Palmira Romano, Lucrezia D'Oro, Diego Geraci, Francesco Cerroni, Daniela Russo, Elisabetta Picciocchi, Michele Sorrentno, Mario Giuseppe Chisari, Paolo Murabito, Beatrice GallaiRosa Marotta, Angelo Montana, Annabella Di Folco, Rosanna Marotta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The sphincterial control problems in childhood are very common, with relevant comorbidities (i.e.: difficulty in academic performance, sleep disturbances, minor neurological signs) involved in the complex process of maturation and learning, such as to cause a great deal of discomfort and related disorders in affected subjects. Enuresis is characterized by the involuntary urination in the absence of a physical disorder, socially unacceptable in places and at one stage of life where such control is acquired by the majority of subjects (about 5 years). The present study aims to evaluate the visuospatial skills in children affected by primary monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (PMNE). 31 PMNE children (16 males and 15 females) (mean age 10.87, SD ± 1.68) and 61 healthy children (32 males, 29 females) (mean age 11.03, SD ± 1.85, p = 0687) were evaluated for visuomotor skills with the Visual-Motor Integration Scale (VMI). PMNE subjects show a worse performance on average to VMI, especially in the total visual-motor integration test. This finding emphasizes the importance of a framework for global and more complex than is commonly implemented, across the border but framing the subject of enuretic symptoms in a more global perspective.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2157-2166
Number of pages10
JournalActa Medica Mediterranea
Publication statusPublished - 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine


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