Viewing the sun as an x-ray star

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2 Citations (Scopus)


The Sun is the late-type star we can study with the highest level of detail. In the interpretation of stellar data, therefore, it is often assumed that the physical processes of the coronae of late-type stars are similar to those of the solar corona, i.e. the "solar-stellar analogy". In order to investigate the validity of this assumption, we have started a program to study systematically the Sun as an X-ray star. Our program aims to explore how far the solar model can be applied to other stars. In this paper we review the results obtained from these studies and, in particular, we discuss the variability of a star identical to the Sun during its cycle, the contribution of different coronal regions to the whole corona X-ray spectrum, and the role of flares. We find that the non-flaring Sun during its cycle fits well in the stellar scenario as a 'low-activity star. Our results suggest that the coronae of stars from low to intermediate activity may be explained as the effect of structures similar to those present on the Sun, changing the relative weight of the different kinds of non-flaring coronal regions; the coronae of very active stars may be explained if a continuous flaring activity characterizes these stars. Possible implications in stellar data interpretation are discussed. © 2003 COSPAR. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Geophysics
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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