Vertical motion, structural features and stratigraphic architecture of the Neapolitan Yellow Tuff (NYT) collapse caldera-resurgent dome system off the Pozzuoli Bay during the last 10 ky

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Abstract

Seismic stratigraphic analysis of very high-resolution single channel reflection seismic profiles providedinsights into the last ~10 ka vertical deformation pattern in the submerged part of the Campi Flegrei resurgentcaldera, off the Pozzuoli Bay. The collapse of the central part of the Campi Flegrei is associated with theeruption of the Neapolitan Yellow Tuff (NYT) at ~15 ka BP, and was followed by discrete phases of intracalderavolcanic activity and resurgence (Di Vito et al., 1999). Only in recent years the southern part of thecaldera, presently submerged off the Pozzuoli Bay, has been explored using marine geophysical data (Sacchiet al., 2014; Steinmann et al., 2016). Interpretation of the high-resolution seismic reflection dataset acquiredduring the Cruise SEISTEC_2013, calibrated by marine gravity cores, allowed us to identify key horizonsbetween the 1538 AD M. Nuovo and the ~3.7 ka Averno eruptions. Chronostratigraphy of the older part ofthe caldera fill was inferred through tentative correlation with significant eruptions known onland. Seismicstratigraphic interpretation reveals the occurrence during the last ~10 ka of at least three generations ofPrograding Wedges (PW1-PW3) that were likely associated with corresponding periods of relative sea-levelstands, and of minor coastal terraces. Correction of the observed depth of each sea-level indicator for the paleobathymetricestimate and for the glacio-hydro-isostatic sea-level change occurred since its formation, allowedto reconstruct differential relative sea-level curves for the western, central and eastern sector of the submergedpart of the caldera. Preliminary results indicate that the periods of relative sea-level and accommodation spacestability that allowed the onset of Prograding Wedges were attained when uplift occurred at a rate comparableto the rate of sea-level rise. These periods ostensibly correspond to known different phases of volcanic activityand unrest, suggesting that not only volcanism but also ground deformation were temporally clustered.Subsidence prevailed during periods of volcanic quiescence.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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