Verbs and Predicates in Ancient Greece

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The author starts by reading an excerpt by Symplicius of Cilicia where it is said that Aristotle spoke of the category action established as mere action and taken as a genus. This category was connected with dispositions of the mind corresponding to verbs. Equally there existed mere affection too. It is precisely the verbs that could convey either action or affection, and the two categories action and affection were drawn from the active and passive verbs. These verbs, however, are not the same as those called upright and overturned by the Stoics. While Aristotle took mere action and mere affection into account, the Stoics were interested in predicates, and predicates definitely correspond to some linguistic reality bearing some relation to something real. The excerpt by Simplicius is then compared with two scholia commenting on Dionysius Thrax’s notion of diathesis. The author concludes his argument with an entirely reasonable interpretation on Dionysius Thrax’s definition of verb.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-75
Number of pages15
JournalBLITYRI
Volume8
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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