VALIDATION OF A MODIFIED MODEL OF TNBS-INDUCED COLITIS IN RATS. HOW TO INDUCE A CHEMICAL COLITIS IN RATS.

Giovanni Tomasello, Emanuele Sinagra, Alida Abruzzo, Francesco Damiani, Mario Cottone, Vincenzo Davide Palumbo, Salvatore Buscemi, Attilio Ignazio Lo Monte, Dario Raimondo, Emanuele Sinagra, Roberto Puleio, Giovanni Tomasello, Vincenzo Davide Palumbo, Giovanna Traina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: there are no standard practice in the induction of colitis by 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic (TNBS) acid. Usually, the repeated administration of TNBS is preferred, because it will result in a local Th1 response that has the characteristics of Crohn's disease. material and Methods: A total of 30 rats were randomized into two groups, consisting of a saline control group of ten rats and a TNBS groups of 20 rats. After the animals were anesthesized, 0,5 ml of either 0,9 % saline 8controls) or TNBS 50 mg/Kg dissolved in 50% ethanol were instilled into the colon through a rubber catheter. The experiment was repeated weekly for four weeks, then, the rats were killed at day 40, and the distal colon removed. results: At day 40, the bowel wall basically normal in the control group. In the TNBS group, the bowel lumen became narrow with tickened wall, and the mucosal surface presented adherent membrane with brown black, linear ulcers, proliferous lymphocites tissue, inflammatory granulomas and submucosal neutrophil infiltration. The median score of the severity of the colonic damage was 0 in the control group, and 4,75 (range 4-5) in the TNBS group; the mean weight of the rats was 180+35 g in the TNBS group, while it was 215+25 in the control group. Conclusions: The presented experiment is a cost-effective and safe method to induce Crohn-like colonic damage using a lower dose of TNBS, thus avoiding the risk of a massive loss of rats. This model is rather suitable for the assessment of the effects of potential therapeutic agent.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)92-96
Number of pages5
JournalACTA BIO-MEDICA DE L'ATENEO PARMENSE
Volume86
Publication statusPublished - 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'VALIDATION OF A MODIFIED MODEL OF TNBS-INDUCED COLITIS IN RATS. HOW TO INDUCE A CHEMICAL COLITIS IN RATS.'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this