Uranium(VI) sequestration by polyacrylic and fulvic acids in aqueous solution

Alberto Pettignano, Antonio Gianguzza, Daniela Piazzese, Silvio Sammartano, Concetta De Stefano

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12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Stability data on the formation of dioxouranium(VI) species with polyacrylic (PAA) and fulvic acids (FA)are reported with the aim to define quantitatively the sequestering capacity of these high molecular weight synthetic and naturally occurring ligands toward uranium(VI), in aqueous solution. Investigations were carried out at t = 25°C in NaCl medium at different ionic strengths and in absence of supporting electrolyte for uranyl–fulvate(UO22+ – FA) and uranyl–polyacrylate (UO22+ – PAA, PAA MW 2 kDa) systems, respectively. The experimental dataare consistent with the following speciation models for the two systems investigated: (i) UO2(FA1), UO2(FA1)(FA2), UO2(FA1)(FA2)(H) for UO22+ – fulvate (where FA1 and FA2represent the carboxylic and phenolic fractions, respectively, both present in the structure of FA), and (ii) UO2(PAA),UO2(PAA)(OH), (UO2)2(PAA)(OH)2 for UO22+ – polyacrylate. By using the stability data obtained for all the complex species formed, the uranium(VI) sequestration by PAA andFA was expressed by the pL50 parameter [i.e. the -log(total ligand concentration) necessary to bind 50%of uranyl ion] atdifferent pH values. A comparison between pL50 values of FA and PAA and some low molecular weight carboxylic ligands toward uranyl ion is also given.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)689-697
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Volume289
Publication statusPublished - 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Pollution
  • Spectroscopy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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