Ultrasonic Guided Waves-Based Monitoring of Rail Head: Laboratory and Field Tests in Advances in Civil Engineering

Marcello Cammarata, Marcello Cammarata, Salvatore Salamone, Francesco Lanza Di Scalea, Piervincenzo Rizzo, Robert Phillips, Ivan Bartoli, Stefano Coccia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent train accidents have reaffirmed the need for developing a rail defect detection system moreeffective than that currently used. One of the most promising techniques in rail inspection is the use ofultrasonic guided waves and noncontact probes. A rail inspection prototype based on these conceptsand devoted to the automatic damage detection of defects in rail head is the focus of this paper. Theprototype includes an algorithm based on wavelet transform and outlier analysis. The discrete wavelettransform is utilized to denoise ultrasonic signals and to generate a set of relevant damage sensitivedata. These data are combined into a damage index vector fed to an unsupervised learning algorithmbased on outlier analysis that determines the anomalous conditions of the rail. The first part of thepaper shows the prototype in action on a railroad track mock-up built at the University of California,San Diego. The mock-up contained surface and internal defects. The results from three experimentsare presented. The importance of feature selection to maximize the sensitivity of the inspection systemis demonstrated here. The second part of the paper shows the results of field testing conducted in southeast Pennsylvania under the auspices of the U.S. Federal Railroad Administration
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalAdvances in Civil Engineering
Volumevol. 2010 Issue 1
Publication statusPublished - 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering

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