Doping, although was born as a medication and not with the purpose of enhancing performance, is a widespread practicein all sports, between amateur and gym-goers. The Italian sports federations were in second place worldwide for positive doping-test,after Russia.This review focuses on the analysis of data collected by Italian National Olympic Committee (CONI) in the 2012–2014 period, showingthat the most commonly used substances were anabolic androgenic agents, glucocorticoids, diuretics and stimulants.Prevention in doping could be a key to limit the damage caused by this harmful practice both, for the physical health and the athlete’smoral integrity and anti-doping campaigns should be direct as much as possible to young people, since about two-thirds of adolescentsappear to be dissatisfied with their body. Even coordination between the various professionals that surround athletes could help fightdoping by planning specific training and adapted to the individual athlete, taking into account the actual physical limitations and physicalfeatures of each.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-84
Number of pages8
JournalCentral European Journal of Sport Sciences and Medicine
Publication statusPublished - 2017


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