The aim of this report was to evaluate the effectiveness of the endoscopic treatment of colonic polyps to allow secondary prophylaxis in order to prevent the onset of cancer arising from adenomas. From October 2002 to January 2004 we performed 487 colonoscopies on a patient group with the following indications: screening prior to kidney transplant; screening for colorectal cancer (patients positive at faecal occult blood testing); follow-up of patients who had undergone colonic resections for colorectal cancer; patients with other diseases. Colorectal polyps were diagnosed in 15 males and 15 females, with a mean age of 63 years. All the neoplasms were resected during colonoscopy and specimens sent for histological study. The histological examinations yielded the following results: 4 hyperplastic polyps; 9 tubular adenomas (6 with mild, 2 with mild-to-moderate, and 1 with severe dysplasia); 8 tubulo-villous adenomas (3 with mild, 1 with mild-to-moderate, and 4 with moderate dysplasia); 4 villous adenomas (3 with mild and 1 with severe dysplasia); 1 adenocarcinoma; 1 inflammatory polyp; in 3 cases we were unable to retrieve the polyps after polypectomy. Colonoscopic detection of a neoplasm allows us to remove it and send to the pathology laboratory for definitive histological diagnosis. Moreover, snare polypectomy can be a radical treatment for dysplastic polyps without stromal axis and basal membrane infiltration. We therefore conclude that colonoscopy allows not only early diagnosis of colonic neoplasms, but also radical curative treatment in the early stages.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 2004|
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