The specific role of childhood abuse, parental bonding, and family functioning in female adolescents with borderline personality disorder

Francesca Giannone, Maria Rita Infurna, Corinna Reichl, Michael Kaess, Gloria Fischer, Maria Rita Infurna, Birger Holz, Romuald Brunner, Peter Parzer, Franz Resch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined a broad variety of adverse childhood experiences in a consecutive sample of female adolescent inpatients with borderline personality disorder (BPD; n=44) compared with a clinical control (CC; n=47) group with mixed psychiatric diagnoses. BPD was diagnosed using a structured clinical interview; different dimensions of childhood adversity were assessed using the Childhood Experiences of Care and Abuse Questionnaire, the Parental Bonding Instrument, and the Family Assessment Device. A history of childhood adversity was significantly more common in patients with BPD than in the CC group. Using a multivariate model, sexual abuse (OR=13.8), general family functioning (OR=8.9), and low maternal care (OR=7.6) were specific and independent predictors of adolescent BPD. The results increase our knowledge of the specific role of different dimensions of childhood adversity in adolescent BPD. They have important implications for prevention and early intervention as they highlight the need for specific strategies for involving the family.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-192
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Personality Disorders
Volume30
Publication statusPublished - 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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