We propose a mathematical derivation of Brinkman's force for a cloud of particles immersed in an incompressible viscous fluid. Specifically, we consider the Stokes or steady Navier-Stokes equations in a bounded domain Omega subset of R-3 for the velocity field u of an incompressible fluid with kinematic viscosity v and density 1. Brinkman's force consists of a source term 6 pi rvj where j is the current density of the particles, and of a friction term 6 pi vpu where rho is the number density of particles. These additional terms in the motion equation for the fluid are obtained from the Stokes or steady Navier-Stokes equations set in Omega minus the disjoint union of N balls of radius epsilon = 1/N in the large N limit with no-slip boundary condition. The number density p and current density j are obtained from the limiting phase space empirical measure 1/N Sigma(1 <= k <= N)delta(xk,vk), where x(k) is the center of the k-th hall and v(k) its instantaneous velocity. This can be seen as a generalization of Allaire's result in [Arch. Ration. Mech. Anal. 113:209-259, 1991] who considered the case of periodically distributed x(k)S with v(k) = 0, and our proof is based on slightly simpler though similar homogenization arguments. Similar equations are used for describing the fluid phase in various models for sprays.
|Number of pages||27|
|Journal||Journal of Statistical Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2008|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Mathematical Physics