The Magmatic Gas Signature of Pacaya Volcano, With Implications for the Volcanic CO2Flux From Guatemala

Angelo Battaglia, Roberto D'Aleo, Alessandro Aiuppa, Andrea Rizzo, I. Mattew Watson, Marcello Bitetto, De Moor, Juárez Cacao, Watson, Aiuppa, Chigna, Andrea Luca Rizzo

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Abstract

Pacaya volcano in Guatemala is one of the most active volcanoes of the Central American Volcanic Arc (CAVA). However, its magmatic gas signature and volatile output have received little attention to date. Here, we present novel volcanic gas information from in-situ (Multi-GAS) and remote (UV camera) plume observations in January 2016. We find in-plume H2O/SO2and CO2/SO2ratios of 2-20 and 0.6-10.5, and an end-member magmatic gas signature of 80.5 mol. % H2O, 10.4 mol. % CO2, and 9.0 mol. % SO2. The SO2flux is evaluated at 885 ± 550 tons/d. This, combined with co-acquired volcanic plume composition, leads to H2O and CO2fluxes of 2,230 ± 1,390 and 700 ± 440, and a total volatile flux of ∼3,800 tons/d. We use these results in tandem with previous SO2flux budgets for Fuego and Santiaguito to estimate the total volcanic CO2flux from Guatemala at ∼1,160 ± 600 tons/day. This calculation is based upon CO2/total S (St) ratios for Fuego (1.5 ± 0.75) and Santiaguito (1.4 ± 0.75) inferred from a gas (CO2/Stratio) versus trace-element (Ba/La ratio) CAVA relationship. The H2O-poor and low CO2/Stratio (∼1.0-1.5) signature of Pacaya gas suggests dominant mantle-wedge derivation of the emitted volatiles. This is consistent with3He/4He ratios in olivine hosted fluid inclusions (FIs), which range between 8.4 and 9.0 Ra (being Ra the atmospheric3He/4He ratio) at the upper limit of MORB range (8 ± 1 Ra). These values are the highest ever measured in CAVA and among the highest ever recorded in arc volcanoes worldwide, indicating negligible4He contributions from the crust/slab.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)667-692
Number of pages26
JournalGeochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems
Volume19
Publication statusPublished - 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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    Battaglia, A., D'Aleo, R., Aiuppa, A., Rizzo, A., Watson, I. M., Bitetto, M., De Moor, Juárez Cacao, Watson, Aiuppa, Chigna, & Rizzo, A. L. (2018). The Magmatic Gas Signature of Pacaya Volcano, With Implications for the Volcanic CO2Flux From Guatemala. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 19, 667-692.