Migration has been a continuous phenomenon over the last decades. In fact, a rising number ofpersons have been forced to leave their lands for escaping the war, often losing their life in the sea. As a consequences, some countries has decided to face the problem closing their borders. Those are the reasons why nowadays migration is a very complex phenomenon.This is a new type of human mobility, caused by wars and poverty. These people leave their country, pass through our cities and arrive in a sort of “waiting spaces” on the political boundaries where they are forced to live because of the barriers built for preventing their entrance. “[...] social and political barriers that we oppose to refugees, foreigners and even “nomad” who have been living a territory for centuries which is theirs too” (Remotti, 2016). This situation has definitely intensified and made more complex issues as “reception” and “living” defining new spaces which can be often identified with refugee camps.This has been defined by Marc Augè as “urgent localization” where “refugee camps, temporary camps and settlements which, once were thought for promoting the laboring class, havebecome [...] unclassifiable places in terms of places able to welcome, in theory provisionally,who is forced by necessities dictated by misery, war or intolerance to expatriation” (Augè, 2007). In fact, modern times are characterized by images showing the desperation of migrantscoupled with, as Alessandro Dal Lago claimed, “inhuman conditions of “short staying” camps which justified their protests and escaping attempts” (Dal Lago, 2012).Consequently, the question is:Which is the right way for facilitating reception and integration processes? Nowadays, is it still possible promoting and stimulating a multiethnic way of living?Our history has always been characterized by population movements. Culture which, passing through cities, have left testimonies of their passage being a treasure in theirs coexistence.Conversely, these days the presence of diverse ethnicity do not always contribute to a perfectintegration inside the cities. In fact, the effect is that they are often relegated in suburban area or inside old cities creating that so called “enclaves”. Consequently, different urban spaces withspecific borders are defined by migrants themselves which seek to find their place and their identity inside a new community.Indeed, sometimes (as Riace’s case) migrants, settling in a new place, are considered asresource in terms of improvement and recovery of places, spaces and activities which havebeen abandoned.This example demonstrates that ways of integration inside cities is still possible and that they might contribute to define a new coherent construction of the city which takes into account the social aspect of architecture as well.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 2016|