The instruments used by the Italian centres for cognitive disorders and dementia to diagnose mild cognitive impairment (MCI)

Francesco Scoppa, Roberto Monastero, Tommaso Piccoli, Cristina Paci, Fabio Giacalone, Giuseppe Barbagallo, Michele Gennuso, Roberta Baschi

Research output: Contribution to journalBook/Film/Article reviewpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: The purpose of this study was to examine the tools used in Italy to diagnose mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Methods: In collaboration with the Luigi Amaducci Research Consortium, the Italian Network of Alzheimer Evaluation Units prepared a questionnaire to describe how MCI is diagnosed in the Italian Centres for cognitive disorders and dementia (CCDD). Results: Most of the ninety-two CCDDs participating in the survey were located in hospitals (54.7%); large percentages were coordinated by neurologists (50.8%) and geriatricians (44.6%). Almost all (98.5%) used the Mini Mental State Examination to diagnose MCI; the Clock Drawing Test was also frequently used (83.9%). Other neuropsychological, imaging and biomarker tests were utilized less frequently and a wide diversity in the instruments used was noted. Conclusions: According to the results, diagnoses of MCI are based on a multitude of instruments, with major differences in the clinical assessment of geriatricians and neurologists. Standardized testing protocols, validated instruments and cut-off points need to be identified and adopted by the CCDDs for assessing MCI.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-107
Number of pages7
JournalAging clinical and experimental research
Volume31
Publication statusPublished - 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ageing
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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