The effects of a calisthenics training intervention on posture, strength and body composition

Antonino Patti, Antonio Palma, Antonino Bianco, Ewan Thomas, Antonio Paoli, Giuseppe Messina, Giuseppe Messina, Garden Tabacchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: Calisthenics was a term used to define a generic set of body weight exercises. Such term is now used to define a world wide spread discipline based on body weight and gymnastics exercises.OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to administer a calisthenics training protocol and evaluate its effects on posture, strength and body composition in untrained individuals.METHODS: Twenty-eight male participants (24.2 +/- 4.2 years; 67.0 +/- 8.3 Kg; 173.3 +/- 5.2 cm) were divided into two groups, a Calisthenics based intervention group (SG) and a control group (CG). The SG exercised for 8 weeks. Each participant underwent a body composition analysis, a postural assessment, a handgrip test, a push-up and a pull-up test. Each participant was tested at baseline and post intervention.RESULTS: The SG improved their posture (with open eyes p < 0.001 and with closed eyes p < 0.05), their strength (push-up test p < 0.01 with a 16.4% increase and pull up test p < 0.0001 with a 39.2% increase) and their body composition (Fat mass 14.8 +/- 5.1 vs. 11.4 +/- 5.9, p < 0.01). No difference was shown for the handgrip test. No significant differences were displayed in any variable of the CG between pre and post measures.CONCLUSIONS: Calisthenics training is a feasible and effective training solution to improve posture, strength and body composition without the use any major training equipment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-222
Number of pages8
JournalIsokinetics and Exercise Science
Publication statusPublished - 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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