This study demonstrates that in human osteosarcoma cells treatment with 3-aminobenzamide (3-AB), a potent inhibitor of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), induces morphological and biochemical features of differentiation, the duration of which depends on whether or not the normal RB gene is expressed. In Saos-2 cells expressing a non-functional Rb protein, 3-AB treatment induced the formation of transient, short dendritic-like protrusions. In RB-transfected-Saos-2 cells (a clone previously generated in our laboratory that shows stable expression of wild-type Rb protein), 3-AB induced marked and prolonged changes with the formation of long dendritic-like protrusions and the appearance of stellate (osteocyte-like) cells. In MG-63 cells producing a wild-type Rb protein, 3-AB treatment had more marked effects, with a larger number of cells assuming the stellate appearance of osteocytes, which were connected to each other via junctions resembling small channels. Regardless of cell type, at some point after 3-AB treatment the differentiative attempt failed and the cells died. Death was apoptotic, as demonstrated by chromatin condensation and fragmentation, specific cleavage of PARP and Lamin-B, processing of caspase-3 and the appearance of Bax immunoreactive species. Enzymatic assay and RT-PCR of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) - an enzyme whose levels markedly decrease when osteoblasts undergo terminal differentiation into osteocytes - showed that 3-AB treatment markedly lowered ALP expression. Simultaneously, 3-AB treatment markedly increased the expression of CD44, a transmembrane multifunctional adhesion molecule and sensitive marker of osteocytic differentiation. This study hypothesizes a cross-talk between pRb and PARP and suggests that PARP may be a useful target for anticancer drugs.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||International Journal of Oncology|
|Publication status||Published - 2003|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research