Synthesis of Silver Gallium Selenide (AgGaSe2) Nanotubes and Nanowires by Template-Based Electrodeposition

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Abstract

In this work, a systematic investigation of the different parameters that control the electrodeposition processes was carried out at the aim to synthetizing AgGaSe2 nanostructures. We found that pH is a key parameter to control both the morphology and composition of the nanostructures. Low pH favours mainly the formation of Ag2Se nanotubes with a scarce mechanical stability, while multi-phase nanowires well anchored to the substrate were obtained at higher pH. We also found that it was necessary to increase dramatically the concentration of the gallium precursor into the deposition bath in order to obtain AgGaSe2 owing to lower redox potential of the Ga3+/Ga couple than Ag2+/Ag and Se4+/Se. Besides, the addition of specific complexing agents to deposition bath was necessary to better control the composition of the nanostructures. By increasing gallium precursor concentration and adding cornplexing agents, it was possible to obtain for the first time nanostructures of amorphous AgGaSe2 with different amount of Ga via one-step electrodeposition.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)999-1007
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Volume20
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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