Suppression of extinction with TMS in humans: From healthy controls to patients.

Massimiliano Oliveri, Carlo Caltagirone, Massimiliano Oliveri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We review a series of studies exemplifying some applications of single-pulse and paired-transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in the study of spatial attention and of its deficits. We will focus primarily on sensory extinction, the failure to consciously perceive a contralesional sensory stimulus only during bilateral stimulation of homologous surfaces. TMS studies in healthy controls show that it is possible either to interfere or modulate the excitability of the parietal cortex during sensory (i.e. tactile and visual) attentional tasks, thus reproducing a condition of virtual extinction. TMS studies in patients with unilateral (mainly right) brain damage show that the modulation of the unbalance in conical excitability between the two cerebral hemispheres transiently improves contralesional sensory extinction. These studies show the possible application of TMS not only as a research method in healthy subjects, but also as a tool for inducing brain excitability changes in patients with sensory extinction, which could be useful for supporting the rehabilitation of this deficit.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-167
Number of pages5
JournalBehavioural Neurology
Volume17
Publication statusPublished - 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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