Stable Automatic Unsupervised Segmentation of Retinal Vessels Using Self-Organizing Maps and a Modified Fuzzy C-Means Clustering

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16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper an automatic unsupervised method for the segmentation of retinal vessels is proposed. Three features are extracted from the tested image. The features are scaled down by a factor of 2 and mapped into a Self-Organizing Map. A modified Fuzzy C-Means clustering algorithm is used to divide the neuron units of the map in 2 classes. The entire image is again input for the Self-Organizing Map and the class of each pixel will be the class of its best matching unit in the Self-Organizing Map. Finally, the vessel network is post-processed using a hill climbing strategy on the connected components of the segmented image.The experimental evaluation on the DRIVE database shows accurate extraction of vessels network and a good agreement between our segmentation and the ground truth. The mean accuracy, 0.9482 with a standard deviation of 0.0075, is outperforming the manual segmentation rates obtained by other widely used unsupervised methods. A good kappa value of 0.6565 is comparable with state-of-the-art supervised or unsupervised approaches.
Original languageEnglish
Pages244-252
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • General Computer Science

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