Sostenibilità: una riforma economica che premia l'efficienza

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Abstract

[automatically translated] The industrial democracies in the last century, have marked the development of their companies and at the heart (and as required) the exponential growth of the economy. For over half a century, the extent of this growth is indicated by the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) that "must" increase year after year to maintain balance of the relationship (and consensus) between the economy, society and citizens. From the second half of the twentieth century, this economic system has distributed a relative increased welfare only one fifth of the inhabitants of the planet, but at a cost, a drastic reduction of available resources and causing global warming for all the inhabitants of the Earth. This model is based on the continuous economic recovery of production systems essentially as the growing problem of competitiveness, with interventions on the structure of work and assigning a "productive" role in scientific and technological research. However, even the most competitive systems start to learn about difficulties and profound contradictions. Sustainable is a system of goals that can be summarized in two major issues: environmental integrity, in which sustainability is understood as the realization of the ethical and utilitarian principle of the protection of the complexity of ecosystems and the commons; economic efficiency, in which the sustainability starts from the assumption that the only growth is a perspective impractical and consists essentially in promoting economic activities that use readily available locally renewable resources, in managing the demand for natural resources in such a way as to reduce and redirecting demand,
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)81-89
Number of pages8
JournalPOL.IS
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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