Some tests of 3D ultrasonic traveltime tomography on the Eleonorad'Aragona statue (F. Laurana, 1468)

Patrizia Capizzi, Pietro Cosentino, Salvatore Schiavone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


The use of a non-destructive technique in situ can be a valuable diagnostic tool to support verification of restoration,as well as a monitoring technique in works of art or historical monuments.We present a high resolution 3D ultrasonic tomography to one of the most important statues of the RegionalGallery of Palazzo Abatellis of Palermo, the bust of Eleonora d'Aragona by F. Laurana (1430–1502). This techniqueallowed to study the structural continuity of the material of the marble.Some tests have been carried out to optimize inversion parameters, such as voxel size and to choose betweenstraight and curved rays.We propose to calculate a minimum lateral resolution using the sampling frequency instead of that of theprobes. Consequently it was chosen to use a voxel size of 2 cm, lower than the expected resolution, 0.07 m(calculated considering the median ray length), and also to use curved rays instead of straight raysapproximation.The resulting model showed velocity values corresponding to a sufficiently homogeneous and well-preservedmarble, but in the lower front portion of the trunk at the breasts, that bears the entire weight of the artwork,low velocity values are present.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-20
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Applied Geophysics
Publication statusPublished - 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics


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