By combining electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) measurements on a nitroxide probe and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), we demonstrate existence of liquid supercooled water in a silica hydrogel with high hydration level down to temperatures of at least 198 K. Besides the major fraction of liquid supercooled water, a minor fraction crystallizes at about 236 K during cooling and melts at 246 K during heating. The liquid domains are of sufficient size to solvate the nearly spherical paramagnetic probe molecule TEMPO with a diameter of about 6 angstrom. Analysis of EPR spectra provides the rotational correlation time of the probe that is further used to compare the viscosity of the supercooled water with the one of bulk water. In the temperature interval investigated, the supercooled water behaves as a fragile liquid and eventually solidifies at 120 K to a glass that incorporates the probe molecules.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY. B, CONDENSED MATTER, MATERIALS, SURFACES, INTERFACES & BIOPHYSICAL|
|Publication status||Published - 2008|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry