The urban and architectural development of the towns of Sicily during 3rd century BC is a very debated matter. One can properly approach such phenomenon through a detailed analysis, first of all, of the evidence of Syracuse, the largest city of the Greek-Hellenistic West and the chieftown of a Hellenistic kingdom which flourished under Agathocles, and especially under Hieron II (269-215 BC). The enlargement of the town, but above all the reshaping of the civic space in that period (especially near 235 BC) will influence the lesser towns of Eastern Sicily, from mid 3rd century, and later of the Central- and Western Sicily too. The most important result of such reshaping of Syracuse during the Hieronian phase was the creation of an urban framework, where several squares, avenues and elaborate buildings (porticos, fountain-houses, civic buildings) and sanctuaries unified the diverse quarters which had gradually grown over a long time, and now were increased by the Neapolis at NW. Such features created an uninterrupted sequence of monumental areas from the acropolis (and the seat of the king’s palaces) through the central quarter of Acradina containing the main agora, to the Neapolis (and from the more peripheral Tyche to the Neapolis) where an enormous monumental complex integrated, on several superimposed terraces, sanctuaries, rocky landscapes, the theatre and the gigantic Zeus’ altar with their annexes. The paper examines the spread and the redesigning of such “fully Hellenistic type” of city in Sicily, beginning with the eastern towns linked to Syracuse (Heloros, Megara, Tauromenion, and Morgantina), and analyses the evolution from the “early” to “true Hellenistic” forms (Camarina, Entella, Selinus, Iaitai, Soluntum, Tyndaris), aiming to define the chronology and the socio-cultural context of such phenomenon.
|Title of host publication||L'architettura greca in Occidente nel III secolo a.C. : Atti del Convegno di Studi. Pompei-Napoli 20-22 maggio 2015|
|Number of pages||46|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|