During joint actions, humans continuously exchange coordination signals and use non-verbal, sensorimotor forms of communication. Here we discuss a specific example of sensorimotor communication – “signaling” – which consists in the intentional modification of one’s own action plan (e.g., a plan for reaching a glass of wine) to make it more predictable or discriminable from alternative action plans that are contextually plausible (e.g., a plan for reaching another glass on the same table). We first review the existing evidence on signaling in human-human interactions, discussing under which conditions humans use signaling. Successively, we distill these insights into a computational theory of signaling during on-line interactions. Central to our approach are the following ideas: (1) signaling endows pragmatic plans with communicative goals; (2) signaling can be understood within a cost-benefit scheme, balancing the costs for the signaling agent against its benefits for interaction success; (3) signaling may be part of an interactive strategy that optimizes success when joint goals are uncertain. Finally, we exemplify the benefits of signaling in a series of simulations and discuss how endowing robots with signaling abilities can increase the quality of HRIs by making their behavior more predictable and “legible” for humans
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Cognitive and Developmental Systems|
|Publication status||Published - 2018|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Artificial Intelligence
Dindo, H., Donnarumma, F., & Pezzulo, G. (2018). Sensorimotor communication for humans and robots: improving interactive skills by sending coordination signals. IEEE Transactions on Cognitive and Developmental Systems, 10, 903-917.