Sabratha. Le trasformazioni dello spazio urbano e lo sviluppo dellearee paleocristiane nelle Regiones III -V: studio preliminare per unGIS archeologico

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Abstract

Researchers at the University of Palermo, in collaboration with the CNR ITABC for the project PRIN 2008, theyhave made a preliminary study for an archaeological GIS divided into areas I-XI of Sabratha to gather information onthe monuments already studied, or under study, and to promote analysis regarding the reuse of space in the RegionesIII-V, after the destruction attributed to the earthquake on 21th of July 365. We present the results of the studies on theRoman Baths of the Regio V and on the Episcopal Complex.The roman baths in the Regio V, insula 1 was born in the second century, with the planning of the Theatre District.Stratigraphic excavations conducted under the mosaics had pointed out the pre-existing structures of the Theatre District(period I); by means of the analysis of the surviving structures has been possible to propose a return of the volumes ofthe bathroom calculated on the Roman foot (29.60 centimeters) and its phases: the project of the second century (periodII.1) and the expansion of the third century (period II.2) with the occupation of the south and east streets. It was assumedcontinuity of use after the earthquake of 365 for the extraordinary state of preservation of the structures with respect tothe Baths of Ocean that were completely destroyed and the Baths of the Regio III, which were transformed into theearly Christian Episcopal Complex and had determined the funerary use of adjacent spaces (areas VIII, IX and X ofthe GIS). The Theater District had lost the characteristics which had distinguished it from the second till the fourthcenturies.The transformations of the urban spaces, between the last quarter of the fourth and the fifth centuries, was realizedthrough the bishops and the Christian community; the Episcopal complex had the primary role of the catechetical andthe baptismal liturgy even in the late-Vandalic and pre-Byzantine periods, but the most prestigious building in the Forum- the ancient Roman Basilica transformed by the Vandals in the Arian church - was converted to the Orthodox creedafter the Byzantine conquest and it become the new cathedral. Justinian himself promoted the built of a new church inthe Forum square, which is a rare example of Byzantine church for the splendid mosaic with “Tree of Life”.* La ricerca è stata concordata e condivisa con i Colleghi del Dipartimento alle Antichità di Sabratha, cui sono profondamentegrata per il sostegno e l’amichevole ospitalità garantiti a tutti i componenti la Missione dell’Università diPalermo.47
Original languageItalian
Title of host publicationPagani e Cristiani a Sabratha e Leptis Magna tra III e VI sec. d. C:
Pages47-76
Number of pages30
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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