Sabratha. Edilizia privata residenziale. 2. La "Casa del Peristilio" di Sabratha: anticipazioni e problemi

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Abstract

[automatically translated] This article presents the "House of the Peristyle", which occupies an entire block of the "Theatre District" in the eastern part of Sabratha. Although excavated in the 30s of last century, the building has remained unpublished; study of the structures and control assays conducted in different environments are by the writer, who is overseeing the final edition of the monument. The domus presents various reasons of interest. With the even more prestigious House of the pool, also located in the "Theatre District", it is the only home of Sabratha, so far known, with peristyle (absent type, however, in the neighborhoods around the Forum, the first nucleus of 'emporium of Tripoli): their construction in the eastern sector of the city, certainly favored by the greater availability of space than the old political and administrative center, and motivated by the proximity of important monuments - Theatre in the East, the Spa Theatre in the north and the imposing Temple of Hercules in the west - was recently linked to also probable existence of a second area of the forum, to be identified in the North Decumanus, in front of the Temple of Hercules. In addition, during the investigation of the insula implantation phase, useful elements have been identified to confirm the findings in other areas of the neighborhood. Although the expansion of Sabratha to the East seems to have assumed a regular character and Intensive not before the second century, However, it is increasingly clear that the occupation of the area was earlier (as documented by fragments of structures identified by the Italian excavations at the Temple of Hercules, than their British counterparts in the Monument severiano and south area of the theater and, more recently, by those conducted by the Mission of the University of Palermo in various buildings in the neighborhood, all dating from before the first century AD.), although the available evidence is not yet sufficient to define characteristics and extension. Following recent investigations, it was also possible to identify the remains of structures in the area on which would be built the current "House of Peristyle". The absence of precise information on the latest levels and their associated materials removed during excavation of the 30's and not sufficiently documented, means that the history of the later of the dwelling life stages should instead rely almost exclusively to the analysis of the surviving structures - which placed itself quite a few problems, for the repeated and substantial restoration in the modern age. The plant is of centripetal type, gravitating on the open space, the main rooms - entrance, peristyle, representative rooms - they do not have the long axis of the court, but in different directions. Of rooms arranged around the peristyle, it is taken into consideration the probable function, with references to similar solutions in the well-known of Africa vetus dwellings. for the repeated and substantial restoration in the modern age. The plant is of centripetal type, gravitating on the open space, the main rooms - entrance, peristyle, representative rooms - they do not have the long axis of the court, but in different directions. Of rooms arranged around the peristyle, it is taken into consideration the probable function, with references to similar solutions in the well-known of Africa vetus dwellings. for the repeated and substantial restoration in the modern age. The plant is of centripetal type, gravitating on the open space, the main rooms - entrance, peristyle, representative ro
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)109-118
Number of pages10
JournalMARE INTERNUM
Volume4 (2012)
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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