Role of one-step nucleic acid amplification (OSNA) to detect sentinel lymph node low-volume metastasis in early-stage cervical cancer

Vito Chiantera, Frediano Inzani, Gian Franco Zannoni, Carmine Conte, Luigi Pedone Anchora, Michele Valente, Nicolò Bizzarri, Angela Santoro, Gabriella Ferrandina, Giovanni Scambia, Michele Valente, Francesco Fanfani, Anna Fagotti, Gabriella Ferrandina, Giovanni Scambia, Valerio Gallotta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Growing evidence in the literature supports the accuracy of sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy in early-stage cervical cancer. One-step nucleic acid amplification (OSNA) is a rapid assay able to detect cytokeratin 19-mRNA in SLNs, and it can be used for intra-operative detection of low-volume metastases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the rate of low-volume metastasis in SLNs detected by OSNA in patients with early-stage cervical cancer. Secondary aims were to define the sensitivity and the negative predictive value of SLN biopsy assessed with OSNA. Methods: After IRB approval, consecutive patients who underwent surgery for International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage IA1 with lymph-vascular space involvement to IB1 between November 2017 and July 2019 and had SLN biopsy and pelvic lymphadenectomy were included. SLNs were detected with indocyanine-green cervical injection and sent intra-operatively for OSNA. Results: Eighteen patients underwent SLN assessment with OSNA and systematic pelvic lymphadenectomy in the study period. Four (22.2%) patients had unilateral and 14 (77.8%) had bilateral mapping. OSNA detected micro-metastasis in 6/18 (33.3%) patients. All micro-metastases were detected in patients with bilateral SLN mapping. The sensitivity and negative predictive value of SLN in detecting lymph node metastasis with OSNA calculated per pelvic sidewall were 85.7% and 96.1%, respectively. The false negative rate in mapped sidewalls was 14.3%. Discussion: This is the first series entirely processing SLNs for OSNA in early-stage cervical cancer. OSNA is able to intra-operatively detect low-volume metastases in SLNs. Further studies are necessary to confirm the accuracy of this technique and to assess survival implications of low-volume metastases detected by OSNA.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)364-371
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Volume30
Publication statusPublished - 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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