Relationship of a Body Shape Index and Body Roundness Index with carotid atherosclerosis in arterial hypertension

Calogero Geraci, Alessandro Mattina, Giulio Geraci, Maurizio Averna, Santina Cottone, Giuseppe Mule', Davide Noto, Francesco D'Ignoto, Marta Maria Zammuto, Rossella Gaetani

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3 Citations (Scopus)


Background and aims: A Body Shape Index (ABSI) and Body Roundness Index (BRI) are two new anthropometric adiposity indices that have shown to be associated better than BMI with adipose abdominal tissue, with the onset of diabetes and the risk of premature death. Little is known about the influence of ABSI and BRI on subclinical vascular damage. The study was aimed to assess the relationship between ABSI and BRI with carotid atherosclerosis damage in subjects with arterial hypertension. Methods and results: A total of 468 patients with arterial hypertension (30–80 years old) were enrolled; adiposity indices were calculated (BMI, WC, ABSI, BRI) and carotid ultrasonographic examination was performed to detect atherosclerotic damage (IMT or atherosclerotic plaque). BRI, but not ABSI, was higher in subjects with IMT> 0.90 mm in comparison to those with a lower IMT (p < 0.001), whereas patients with carotid plaques showed higher values of ABSI (p = 0.001), as well as of BRI (p = 0.003). Linear regression analysis disclosed significant correlation of IMT with ABSI, BRI and BMI (all p < 0.001). In the multivariate analysis, BRI was independently correlated with cIMT (p = 0.015). On the contrary, ABSI did not show any independent association with cIMT. However, ABSI was strongly associated with carotid plaques in multiple logistic regression analysis after adjustment for potential confounding factors. When BRI or BMI replaced ABSI into the multivariate models, they did not show any independent correlation with carotid plaques. Conclusions: ABSI may be proposed as a better correlate of carotid atherosclerosis than the traditional measures of adiposity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)822-829
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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