Regulatory sequences driving expression of the sea urchin Otp homeobox gene in oral ectoderm cells

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12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PlOtp (Orthopedia), a homeodomain-containing transcription factor, has been recently characterized as a key regulator of the morphogenesis of the skeletal system in the embryo of the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus. Otp acts as a positive regulator in a subset of oral ectodermal cells which transmit short-range signals to the underlying primary mesenchyme cells where skeletal synthesis is initiated. To shed some light on the molecular mechanisms involved in such a process, we begun a functional analysis of the cis-regulatory sequences of the Otp gene. Congruent with the spatial expression proWle of the endogenous Otp gene, we found that while a DNA region from -494 to +358 is shown to drive in vivo GFP reporter expression in the oral ectoderm, but also in the foregut, a larger region spanning from -2044 to +358 is needed to give Wrmly established tissue speciWcity. Microinjection of PCR-ampliWed DNA constructs, truncated in the 5' regulatory region, and determination of GFP mRNA level in injected embryos allowed the identiWcation of a 5'-flanking fragment of 184 bp in length, essential for expression of the transgene in the oral ectoderm of pluteus stage embryos. Finally, we conducted DNAse I-footprinting assays in nuclear extracts for the 184 bp region and detected two protected sequences. Data bank search indicates that these sites contain consensus binding sites for transcription factors.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)124-130
Number of pages7
JournalGene Expression Patterns
Volume7
Publication statusPublished - 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Developmental Biology

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