Recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma after liver transplantation: An update

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30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Liver transplantation is the only curative alternative for selected patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who are not eligible for resection and/or with decompensated cirrhosis. According to Milan criteria the 5-year survival rate is 70-85%, with a recurrence-free survival of 75%. However, HCC recurrence rate after liver transplantation remains a significant problem in the clinical practice. The prognosis in patients with HCC recurrence is poor. The treatment of choice for HCC recurrence is surgery, but it seems that a systemic treatment based on combination of an mTOR inhibitor with sorafenib can be used. Data on safety and efficacy are limited, clinical monitoring is necessary. The aim of this review is to underline the main concerns, pitfalls and warnings for these patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2923-2936
Number of pages14
JournalFuture Oncology
Volume11
Publication statusPublished - 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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