Reconstruction of the face with skin-grafted muscle flaps: optimizing the aesthetic outcome.

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BACKGROUND: Reconstruction of large defects in the temporal region can be performed with skin grafts or pedicled or free flaps. Results are often not optimal because of the patch of a skin graft, lack of availability of local flaps, and distant skin from free flaps. A technique for reconstruction of these defects with local tissue is presented in this article that uses superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS) plication to allow wide advancement of a cervicofacial flap.METHODS: Once the defect is outlined, a face-lift-like skin incision is used to raise the flap. The SMAS is plicated with two purse-string sutures that relieve tension on the flap and allow maximal advancement. Thirteen face-lift SMAS plication flaps were used in 12 patients (mean age, 70.2 years) after cancer resection, which was bilateral in one case. Defects up to 8 cm in largest diameter can be closed. In one case of an 8 × 6-cm defect, a 1 × 1.5-cm skin graft was necessary.RESULTS: All flaps healed uneventfully, and no reoperation was necessary. Scars are almost completely hidden and the cosmetic result is satisfactory. The asymmetrical face-lift effect fades out within 6 months.CONCLUSIONS: The face-lift SMAS plication (FLISP) flap allows reconstruction of large defects in the temporal region with a local flap providing an excellent cosmetic result and avoiding the need for distant tissue and multiple scarring. This flap provides an example of how reconstructive surgery and cosmetic surgery are complementary and can be mutually beneficial.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-55
Number of pages6
JournalActa Chirurgiae Plasticae
Publication statusPublished - 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery


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