Recommendations for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of chronic hepatitis B and C in special population groups (migrants, intravenous drug users and prison inmates).

Pier Luigi Almasio, Claudio Leonardi, Massimo Levrero, Maurizia Brunetto, Giovanni B. Gaeta, Maria Rapicetta, Claudio Leonardi, Lorenzo Nosotti, Giulio Starnini, Sergio Babudieri, Gaetano Scotto, Giorgio Barbarini, Aldo Morrone, Evangelista Sagnelli, Pietro Dentico, Francesco Mazzotta, Daniele Prati, Dario Conte

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39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The global spread of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV), their high chronicity rates and their progression to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, are major public health problems. Research and intervention programmes for special population groups are needed in order to assess their infection risk and set up suitable prevention and control strategies. Aim of this paper is to give health care professionals information on HBV and HCV infections amongst migrants, drug users and prison inmates. The manuscript is an official Position Paper on behalf of the following Scientific Societies: Italian Association for the Study of the Liver (A.I.S.F.), Italian Society of Infectious and Tropical Diseases (S.I.M.I.T.), Italian Federation Department's Operators and Addiction Services (FederSerD), Italian Prison Medicine and Healthcare Society (S.I.M.S.Pe.). The considered population groups, having a high prevalence HBV and HCV infections, require specific interventions. In this context, the expression "special population" refers to specific vulnerable groups at risk of social exclusion, such as migrants, prison inmates, and intravenous drug users. When dealing with special population groups, social, environmental and clinical factors should be considered when selecting candidates for therapy as indicated by national and international guidelines.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages7
JournalDigestive and Liver Disease
Volume43
Publication statusPublished - 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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