Rappresentazioni dei migranti in programmi RAI

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Abstract

    [automatically translated] Since when, in Italy, there was an increase of migration flows, the subject of the presence of foreign nationals entered in the media agenda especially in the chronicle. In such cases, the events presented are reconstructed according to production information routines, sometimes to stage events, however dramatic, using rhetorical discourse that, far from grasping experiences and feelings, constitute reality stereotyped based on criteria of newsworthiness, the "monster" against the "uncle Tom". Since the media play a crucial role in emphasizing the social visibility of events and problems, ignoring the conditions that determine them, and put under the eyes of the public issues of which in many cases it does not have direct experience, with alternating alarmism, reassurance and pietistic feelings of misguided solidarity, convey a point of view and then the receivers largely do it right. Both TV networks of the public service that the business have given space to the "foreigner" in various types of programs, information and entertainment. But this issue is rarely addressed in the thematic programs, in time zones, such as the morning or late in the evening, making it poorly accessible, moreover giving much space to the political dimension and a little to the social, economic, historical and cultural. Since television is the truly mass medium, it has been considered the offer, in television networks of the Italian public service, with programs for foreigners. To this end, some productions of the television season 2006-2007 were examined, dedicated to the theme of immigration or otherwise of multi-ethnicity, and precisely A colorful world and Shukran; It wanted to consider as well the Mediterranean, real magazine about and for the countries bordering this sea, although it should be noted that it differs enough from the other two programs, for setting objectives and proposed themes. In retracing the steps of the offer of RAI on these issues, we are obliged to remember what has been, historically, one of the thicker and notoriety programs, proposed for multiple editions: Nonsolonero, the TG 2 heading aired from 1988-1994 and unfortunately no longer revived, which had the merit of dealing in unconventional economic and social issues related to racism and building a multicultural society. In the face of TG, dominated mainly by negative narrative registers, the theme "stranger" is treated in the programs in diverse and articulate manner. It should be emphasized, however, that the two television fields may have a different impact on the public. In fact, the TG appear as an appointment almost obligatory in the spectator's day also for their general informational features and events dealing with the reality on the relevance of which is established a mutual agreement ( "agenda" effect), are perceived as an authoritative source and more "objective" than the other productions, operating so latent and influencing imagination and knowledge of the television audience. So the way in which the media operate and evolve, in the construction process of reality, is determinant,
    Original languageItalian
    Title of host publicationIsole. Minoranze culturali migranti globalizzazione
    Pages51-61
    Publication statusPublished - 2007

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