Prove di coltivazione di Iperico (Hypericum perforatum L.) in ambiente semi-arido

Alessandra Carrubba, Caterina Catalano, Marcello Militello

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

[automatically translated] The St. John's Wort (Hypericum perforatum L .; Fam. Hypericaceae) is a perennial herbaceous species widespread in the wild, along with other species congeners, inside of Mediterranean environments. According to the European Pharmacopoeia (IV Ed.), The hypericum drug is made from the aerial part and from the dried flowering tops, which find use in different areas of the world for the treatment of a large number of internal and external disturbances. In Mediterranean areas, thanks to its marked soothing effect of the pain and the property of stimulating the formation of new tissue, the main traditional use of hypericum is traditionally paid to external treatment of burns and dermatitis. Besides that, since the 80s have been attributed to the species outstanding shares sedative and calming, with specific antidepressant and anxiolytic properties which have considerably broadened the economic possibilities and market; St. John's wort is therefore an excellent example of the indigenous essence of interest officinale which is passed from the status of wild plant to the cultivation of agricultural interest when it started the interest in him from the pharmaceutical industry. To date the species was studied in a very thorough, and an extensive bibliography examines every aspect both agronomically (adaptability, cultivation technique, yields) than chemical-pharmacological (yields of active ingredients and their effectiveness, the dosage form and administration, clinical effects). Of particular interest therefore seems the possibility of introducing the species within the Sicilian cropping systems, which could contribute to the strengthening of the multifunctionality of characteristics, increasing the income of farmers. In this paper we report the results of some preliminary tests of hypericum field cultivation, conducted from 2006 to 2009 at the experimental farm "Sparacia" (Cammarata - AG), in order to assess the bio-agronomic response and production of the species under study to the growing conditions. In general, the species has shown remarkable qualities of hardiness and a good adaptability to the growing environment, even in the absence of significant energy inputs, that is, reducing to a minimum the fertilizer inputs, the processing of the land and anti-parasitic interventions and herbicides,
Original languageItalian
Title of host publicationRaccolta degli atti - 4 Convegno Nazionale Piante Mediterranee - Le potenzialità del territorio e dell’ambiente
Pages209-213
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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