Project for a Red List and country assessment of Italian Bryophytes.

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Abstract

Italy represents a biodiversity hot spot in the Mediterranean area. To monitorand defend its great “natural patrimony”, coherently with the Europe Strategy forPlant Conservation (EPCS, 2002) and the EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2020 (2011),the Italian Ministry of Environment, land and sea protection supported a nationalproject to compile the first Red List of Italian flora (Rossi et al. 2013) according toIUCN criteria (2001), coordinated by the Italian Botanical Society. For Italian bryophytesthe first red lists were compiled by Cortini Pedrotti & Aleffi (1992) for mossesand Aleffi & Schumacker (1995) for liverworts and hornworts. To update these lists the Working Group for Bryology of the Italian Botanical Society joined the Nationalproject and compiled a red list of bryophytes: the species taken into account are 61[43 Policy Species (PS) and 18 Non Policy Species (NPS)]. 34% of the taxa are CRand EN, mainly due to the high number of NPS. Three bryophytes were categorizedas Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct). Several bryophytes were categorized asData Deficient (DD) because the available data did not permit a reliable assessment(e.g. Sphagnum spp.). To fill this gaps, in the last few years researchers started toinclude information coming from herbaria collected from Italian and European Institutions.Most of the data were made before 1980s and they refer to sites that havebeen altered drastically and, thus, require new explorations to verify whether thesespecies are still present. The use of bibliographical data and herbarium samples arefundamental to launch new studies to monitor, also in the light of recent discoveries,the current situation of these species.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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