Problemi dell’archeologia della Sicilia ellenistico-romana: il caso di Solunto, in Archeologia Classica , 2006

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[automatically translated] The contribution focuses on the site on Mount Catalfano (PA), long identified with the Punic city of Solunto and object, since from 800 and above in the 50s of '900, the excavations in extension that returned a' evocative image, and very instructive, an urban center during the period "Greco-Roman". Despite a certain flattening of archaeological criticism on a perspective that tends to project the findings (disseminated only through preliminary news and partial studies of urban planning aspects, furnishing and a few important items) on a horizon Greek-Punic, in essence " pre-Roman ", the results of more extensive research on individual architectural complexes (the theater, 1997; the cD. Gymnasium and other stately houses on the main street, 2003) and its furnishings, and more generally on the archeology of Hellenistic Sicily and the dynamics of the phases of "Romanization", showed incongruity between the inferred data via the different approaches of study (stratigraphic, art-historical and comparative, epigraphy, etc.). Renouncing therefore the aforesaid interpretative paradigm - whose uncritical application, in other contexts islanders, ended up creating a self exegetical system difficult to reconcile with the specificity and variety of material data -, it has made an overall review (despite the serious shortcomings of 'published) the relationships between the various components of the urban plan, public area, residential construction, figurative and material culture, which shine through the monumental buildings and their accurate framing. The result is a very consistent picture, well placed in the context of the early centuries of the Roman province, the city known to us, the result of a radical makeover that has left a few, but not insignificant traces of the settlement of the stage prior to the late Hellenistic medium: which in turn, in contrast to the larger, "rational" and the scenic town Hellenistic, it would be more in line with cultural and building parameters of the milieu and the Punic punicizzato of the fourth century (subject worthy of further study, in un'ormai postponed revision of Sicily tardoclassica / protoellenistica) . Relocating within these coordinates the surviving archaeological evidence, emerges the profile of a small elite as a driver of urban image makeover, conducted with intent palpable self-promotion and ostentation of full membership to Hellenistic models "international", declined in a local formulation that is Abundant evidence in northwestern Sicily coeval: indeed, not just the individual character, although specific in its results, the late Hellenism soluntino is evidence of this site an emblematic case of socio-cultural phenomena involving the first province. It can in fact grasp the fact, in connection (physical, stratigraphic, and even epigrafico- prosopographic) between the monumental plateia succession of "halls" with private multi-storey facades (which the cd. Gymnasium), articulation of the terraces of the civic center ,
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)49-114
Number of pages66
JournalArcheologia Classica
VolumeLVII (n.s. VII)
Publication statusPublished - 2007

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