Prevalence of Sensitization to Anisakis simplex Among Professionally Exposed Populations in Sicily

Guido Lacca, Walter Mazzucco, Francesco Vitale, Gabriele Di Lorenzo, Maria Fatima Massenti, Maria Stefania Leto Barone, Antonella Costa, Maria Fatima Massenti, Anna Maria Di Noto, Francesco Vitale, Ambra Provenzani

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22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Anisakis simplex (AS) is a cause of allergic sensitization and potential occupational riskis suggested in fishermen and workers assigned to fish processing and sale. A cross-sectional studywas conducted in order to assess possible health effects of occupational exposure to AS in workersrecruited from western Sicily fisheries sector. Social, demographic, and occupation-related data werecollected. Serum total immunoglobulin E (IgE) and specific IgE levels to AS (threshold >0.35kU/L) were determined by an fluoroimmunoassay technique. Ninety-four subjects with potentialoccupational exposure (fishmongers, fishermen, fish industry employees) were recruited. Specific ASIgEs were detected in 20.2% of the study population. AS IgE seroprevalence was elevated 6.7-fold(p = .03) among fishermen/sailors compared with fish industry workers. The study suggested theimportance to adopt specific prevention strategies against exposure to AS in the occupational setting.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-97
Number of pages7
JournalARCHIVES OF ENVIRONMENTAL & OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH
Volume67
Publication statusPublished - 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Toxicology
  • General Environmental Science
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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