Pressure stability field of Mg-perovskite under deep mantle conditions: A topological approach based on Bader's analysis coupled with catastrophe theory

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Abstract

The pressure stability field of the Mg-perovskite phase was investigated by characterizing the evolution of the electron arrangement in the crystal. Ab initio calculations of the perovskite structures in the range 0–185 GPa were performed at the HF/DFT (Hartree-Fock/Density Functional Theory) exchange–correlation terms level. The electron densities, calculated throughout the ab-initio wave functions, were analysed by means of the Bader's theory, coupled with Thom's catastrophe theory. To the best of our knowledge the approach is used for the first time. The topological results show the occurrence of two topological anomalies at P~20 GPa and P~110 GPa which delineate the pressure range where Mg-perovskite is stable. The paper accomplishes the twofold objectives of providing a contribution in shading light into the behaviour of the dominant component of the Earth's lower mantle across the D’’ layer and of proposing a novel approach in predicting the stability of a compound at extreme conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2820-2827
Number of pages8
JournalCeramics International
Volume45
Publication statusPublished - 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

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