Predicting needlestick and sharps injuries in nursing students: Development of the SNNIP scale

Alberto Firenze, Maria Valeria Torregrossa, Tatjana Baldovin, Licia Veronesi, Paola Ferri, Elisabetta Carraro, Giovanni Boccia, Emanuela Santoro, Gianluca Catania, Francesca Pennino, Loredana Sasso, Giuseppe Calamusa, Matteo Riccò, Antonella Agodi, Annamaria Bagnasco, Guglielmo Dini, Ilaria Barberis, Cristina Genovese, Roberto Novati, Maria Chiara OttinoMarco Verani, Andrea Maugeri, Valeria Teti, Emanuela Massa, Marzia Montesano, Marcello D’Errico, Stefania Berdini, Alfredo Montecucco, Cristina Arrigoni, Leandro Gentile, Nicoletta Dasso, Alborz Rahmani, Giuliana Favara, Alberto Carli, Leandra Giudice, Rita Fiorentini, Tiziana Benedetti, Simona Mascipinto, Roberta Oriani, Maurizio Mercuri, Enrico Bertamino, Mark Hayter, Lucia Palandri, Roberta Magnano San Lio, Alessandro Zerbetto, Alessia Manca, Angelo Baggiani, Smeralda D'Amato, Reparata Rosa Di Prinzio, Elisabetta Carraro, Mariana Sao Miguel Morgado, Angelo Baggiani, Daniela Schiavone, Silvia D’Eugenio, Arda Sulaj, Antonio Perre, Ada Bianco, Adoriano Santarelli, Sonia Zacconi, Anna Rita Giuliani, Giovanni Sotgiu, Alessandro Zerbetto, Anna Maria Iannicelli, Tiziana Traini, Barbara Bascapè, Edoardo Tartaglia, Sara Dalla Torre, Marco Verani, Marzia Montesano, Giovanni Battista Orsi, Francesca Maria Bersi, Alberto Carli, Martina Barchitta, Vincenza La Fauci, Raffaele Squeri, Stefano Tardivo, Alberto Borraccino, Beatrice Casini, Annalisa Bargellini, Edoardo Tartaglia, Cesira Pasquarella, Maria Valeria Torregrossa, Ida Mura, Leila Fabiani, Ida Torre, Daniela Schiavone, Milko Zanini, Nicola Magnavita, Elena Righi, Christian Napoli, Carla Maria Zotti, Sandro Ortolani, Maria Teresa Montagna, Angelo Rossini, Roger Watson, Francesca Moretti, Paolo Durando, Alberto Firenze, Deborah Traversi, Concetta Loredana Giudice, Paolo Durando, Solange Ariel Andrea Santarelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aim: To develop an instrument to investigate knowledge and predictive factors of needlestick and sharps injuries (NSIs) in nursing students during clinical placements. Design: Instrument development and cross-sectional study for psychometric testing. Methods: A self-administered instrument including demographic data, injury epidemiology and predictive factors of NSIs was developed between October 2018–January 2019. Content validity was assessed by a panel of experts. The instrument's factor structure and discriminant validity were explored using principal components analysis. The STROBE guidelines were followed. Results: Evidence of content validity was found (S-CVI 0.75; I-CVI 0.50–1.00). A three-factor structure was shown by exploratory factor analysis. Of the 238 participants, 39% had been injured at least once, of which 67.3% in the second year. Higher perceptions of “personal exposure” (4.06, SD 3.78) were reported by third-year students. Higher scores for “perceived benefits” of preventive behaviours (13.6, SD 1.46) were reported by second-year students.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1578-1587
Number of pages10
JournalNursing Open
Volume7
Publication statusPublished - 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Nursing

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