This paper studies the cytotoxic effect induced by the topoisomerase I inhibitor camptothecin in human osteosarcoma Saos-2 cells, which lack p53 and contain a non-functional form of the product of the retinoblastoma gene, pRb. Cytotoxicity induced by camptothecin was dose- and time-dependent; the treatment with 100 nM camptothecin reduced cell viability by 50% at 32 h and by 75% at 72 h of exposure. The cytotoxic effect was caused by apoptosis, as ascertained by morphological evidence, acridine orange-ethidium bromide staining and flow cytometric analysis. Apoptosis was accompanied by both the activation of caspase-3 and the fragmentation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase. Treatment with camptothecin caused a threefold increase in the activity of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and an eightfold increase in the level of phosphorylated c-Jun. The introduction of the RB gene into Saos-2 cells reduced the rate of cell growth. Moreover, stable clones of transfected cells were resistant to camptothecin. Exposure to 100 nM camptothecin for 72 h reduced the viability of transfected cells by only 10%; moreover, very modest effects were observed on the activity of JNK as well as on the level of phosphorylated c-Jun. The results reported in this paper support the conclusion that the expression of wild-type pRb in Saos-2 cells exerts an anti-apoptotic influence through the control of JNK activity.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Structural Biology
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology