Potential uses of olive oil secoiridoids for the prevention and treatment of cancer: A narrative review of preclinical studies

Giuseppe Montalto, Vita Di Stefano, Lydia Giannitrapani, Melchiorre Cervello, Giuseppa Augello, Maria Rita Emma, Lydia Giannitrapani, Antonina Azzolina, Antonella Cusimano, Giuseppe Montalto

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The Mediterranean diet (MD) is a combination of foods mainly rich in antioxidants and anti-inflammatory nutrients that have been shown to have many health-enhancing effects. Extra-virgin olive oil (EVOO) is an important component of the MD. The importance of EVOO can be attributed to phenolic compounds, represented by phenolic alcohols, hydroxytyrosol, and tyrosol, and to secoiridoids, which include oleocanthal, oleacein, oleuropein, and ligstroside (along with the aglycone and glycosidic derivatives of the latter two). Each secoiridoid has been studied and char-acterized, and their effects on human health have been documented by several studies. Secoiridoids have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-proliferative properties and, therefore, exhibit anti-cancer activity. This review summarizes the most recent findings regarding the pharmacological properties, molecular targets, and action mechanisms of secoiridoids, focusing attention on their preventive and anti-cancer activities. It provides a critical analysis of preclinical, in vitro and in vivo, studies of these natural bioactive compounds used as agents against various human cancers. The prospects for their possible use in human cancer prevention and treatment is also discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-22
Number of pages22
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume22
Publication statusPublished - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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